The term marine cryosphere is used to collectively describe frozen water within the marine portion of the Earth's surface. This incorporates marine based ice sheets including ice shelves and ice streams, icebergs, sea ice, and subsea permafrost.
The marine cryosphere has played a key role during several time periods of the Earth's geological history and is a critical component in studies of climate change. In this course, the students will learn about the evolution of the marine cryosphere during the Cenozoic when the Earth experienced a long term paleoclimatic change from the warm greenhouse to the colder icehouse world. Through the lectures, fieldwork, lab exercises and individual project work, the students will be introduced to the marine cryosphere and its components. Specific emphasis is placed on describing and discussing available methods to study the geological history of the marine cryosphere. The course embraces the marine environment from shallow shelves to the deep ocean. Arctic and Antarctic analogies and differences with respect to the Cenozoic history of the marine cryosphere will be discussed.
|Language of instruction||English|
|Institution||University Centre in Svalbard|
|Fields of study||Earth sciencePhysical science (others)|
|Tags||geologycryospherefrozen watersubsea permafrost|