The course gives an introduction to the most common Arctic marine organisms, and their adaptations to the marine Arctic environment.
Protists, zooplankton, fish, benthic invertebrates, seabirds and marine mammals will be described and used as a background to discuss marine processes in pack-ice, ice-free water masses and on the bottom of Arctic seas and fjords. Emphasis will also be put on the complexity of Arctic marine ecosystems from primary producers to top predators, the biomass and productivity at different trophic levels, and how the arctic marine system functions. Elementary physical oceanography will be included.
The field cruise will allow students to learn how to use standard marine biological sampling techniques from the pelagos, benthos and if possible the sea ice ecosystem. Collecting and analysis of relevant environmental parameters (light, salinity, temperature) will be done during the cruise. Student projects will be arranged for students to learn how to analyse the marine ecological data collected during the cruise. The projects will include both group work (field report) and individual work (term paper/poster).
|Language of instruction||English|
|Institution||University Centre in Svalbard|
|Fields of study||Biology and biochemistryLife science (broad programmes)|
|Teaching place||Svalbard, Norway|
|Tags||adaptationfjordarctic environmentarctic marine organismpack-iceice-free waterbiomasspelagosfield cruise|